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Thanks to the discovery of the Goose Creek Oil Field in the 1920s, three towns sprung up in the area known today as, Baytown. These three towns were called, Pelly, Goose Creek and East Baytown. Shortly after World War I, discussions regarding the merger of Pelly, Goose Creek and East Baytown started to take place, however the citizens resisted committing to this change until 1947. When the decision to go ahead and merge these three towns into one city, the community decided on the name Baytown. The city itself was officially founded in early 1948.
Today, Baytown continues to excel within the oil industry, as well as rubber and chemical research, development and manufacturing. With easy access to the waterfront and several Bays, the Baytown community also benefits from plenty of outdoor activities including, hiking, bird watching and motorsports.
Baytown Electricity Providers
Prior to 2002, electric utilities in Texas had control over all elements of energy — from generation to customer service. While this business structure seemed to work for a while, the price of electricity continued to rise. This was partly due to the fact that there was no need or space for competition because the utilities managed everything. This didn’t sit well with many customers. Ultimately, the way that utilities were running their business created monopolies, which frustrated many people who simply wanted access to fair electricity rates.
Energy deregulation took effect in Texas in 2002. It forced the utilities to allow Retail Energy Suppliers (REPs) to enter the market. REPs are service providers that can sell the supply of electricity to residential and business customers. With more organizations or companies offering the same services and products, competition was finally introduced to the market. Now, REPs must strive to keep electricity rates low as well as offer great customer service and other products in order to attract and retain customers. If a customer isn’t satisfied with their current REP, they have the option to choose a different REP.
There are many REPs within the Baytown area that offer services including,
- Infuse Energy
- Gexa Energy
- Volt EP
- 4Change Energy
- Pennywise Power
- Discount Power
- Power Express
- Green Mountain Energy
- StarTex Power
- Pioneer Energy
- Veteran Energy
- Source Energy & Gas
- Breeze Energy
- Spark Energy
- YEP Energy
- Think Energy
- Beyond Power
- Verde Energy
- First Choice Power
- Cirri Energy
- Direct Energy
- Shyne Energy
While energy deregulation includes Baytown and many other cities within Texas, there are some areas where energy regulation still remains in affect. Around 85% of Texas is currently energy deregulated.
Baytown’s Energy Industry
Oil has been a major industry for Baytown since the early 1900s. Goose Creek Production Company found success in 1908 with an oil strike near Tabbs Bay. Several years later, the Goose Creek Oilfield opened after a contractor found oil. In 1917, the Humble Oil and Refining Company was founded and that same year, the largest well within the Goose Creek Oilfield was discovered. With the ability to fill 35,000 barrels a day, it took workers three days to get the oil under control!
Since that time, the oil field has seen many major oil operators including, Gulf Oil, Coastal, Enderli Oil, Exxon, Mobil and Monsanto. Texas American resources operated the field until 2006, when it was purchased by Bakersfield.
Today, the energy industry is one of the largest employers for Baytown. The ExxonMobil Baytown Complex alone employs 3,785 people.
Other Major Industries in Baytown
Steele – United States Steel opened Texas Works near Baytown in 1970. This plant was responsible for welding the 48-inch pipe that was used in the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System. While the plant closed down in the 1980s, Jindal Steel eventually purchased it and now operates the company under the name, JSW Steel USA, Inc.
Chemicals – Baytown has a huge industrial area dedicated to the research, development and production of chemicals. The Baytown Chemical Plant alone generates over 7.2 billion pounds of petrochemical products annually. These products are used to make appliance parts, packaging, plastic bottles and polyester fabrics. Right next to this building is the Baytown Olefins Plant (BOP). Around 6 billion pound of primary petrochemicals are produced here every year. These petrochemicals are used worldwide in products including, medical supplies and garments, safety gear, disposable diapers and car parts.
Other major employers within the city of Baytown include,
- Goose Creek Consolidated Independent School District (GCCISD) – 3,012 employees
- Houston Methodist San Jacinto – 1,687 employees
- Bayer Corporation – 1,100 employees
- City of Baytown – 801 employees
- JSW Steel – 800 employees
Quick Baytown Stats
While Baytown might be one of the smaller cities in Texas, it is actually the 4th biggest city within the Houston/The Woodlands/Sugar Land area. A few other quick Baytown demographics include,
Total Population (2013): 75,418
Population under 18 (2013): 29.2%
Population over 65 (2013): 10.1%
Land Area: 35.45 square miles
Number of Housing Units: 28,998
Median Household Income: $46,939
Cost of Living: 81 (100 is the United States average)
Did you know?
Baytown has quite a history within the energy industry, but there’s more to know about this growing industrial community.
- One of the earliest residents of Baytown, a man named Nathaniel Lynch, constructed a ferry crossing. This ferry crossing is still in use today, operating under the name, Lynchburg Ferry. It is located where the Buffalo Bayou and San Jacinto River meet.
- The Baytown Little Theatre is run by volunteers and has been running for 56 years. It is a community theatre that typically puts on 6 shows per year.
- The Baytown Nature Center is located on a 450-acre peninsula, which is surrounded by three bays: Scott Bay, Crystal Bay and Burnet Bay. It is both a wildlife sanctuary and recreation area available to the community and tourists.
Baytown Major Utilities
While consumers of electricity within Baytown can choose their REP, utilities remain responsible for the delivery and maintenance of electricity. Therefore, if you are experiencing an emergency related to your electricity, or see a downed pole or fallen wires, you should contact your utility immediately — not your REP.
There are a few utilities that provide services to the city of Baytown and surrounding area including,
CenterPoint – 1 800-495-9880
Oncor – 1 888-875-6279